Healthy Relationships

Principal Investigator: Seth Kalichman, Ph.D.

Brief Overview

Healthy Relationships is a small-group based intervention designed to reduce HIV risk behaviors among men and women living with HIV/AIDS.  Healthy Relationships focuses on developing skills and building self-efficacy and positive expectations about new behaviors through modeling behaviors and practicing new skills.


Adult men and women living with HIV/AIDS

Core Components of Intervention

  • Mode of Delivery and Duration:  5, 2-hour group sessions conducted by 1 female and 1 male counselor (one of whom is an HIV+ peer)
  • Setting:  HIV service clinics (Atlanta, GA)
  • Theoretical Basis:  Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, 1997)
  • Materials Available:  Starter Kit; visit the Healthy Relationships page on the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Diffusion of Evidence Based Interventions (DEBI) website for more information and for available Technical Assistance


Participants were 230 HIV-positive men and 98 HIV-positive women.  A controlled experimental clinical trial compared the Healthy Relationships intervention to a time-matched health maintenance social support group intervention.  Measures were taken at baseline, immediately following the intervention, and 3 and 6 months following the intervention to assess outcomes.  The Healthy Relationships intervention resulted in less unprotected intercourse and greater condom use at follow-up and a lower estimated HIV-transmission rate over a 1-year horizon compared to the control intervention (Kalichman, et al., 2001).

Implementation History

Healthy Relationships is part of the DEBI project by the CDC and has been implemented widely across the U.S.  For more information, please visit the Healthy Relationships section of the DEBI website.

Contact Information

To learn more about Healthy Relationships or to sign up for a training session, please see the DEBI website for more information.