Brief HIV Risk Reduction Counseling

Principal Investigator:  Seth Kalichman, Ph.D.

Brief overview

This project evaluates the effectiveness of a single HIV risk reduction counseling session for men and women at risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Based on the Information Motivation Behavioral Skills model of behavior change, this project evaluates the effectiveness of 4 types of brief counseling interventions that contain: (1) information only, (2) information + motivational enhancement, (3) information + behavioral skills training, or (4) information + motivational enhancement + behavioral skills training.


Adult men and women at risk for contracting HIV

Core Components of Intervention

  • Mode of Delivery and Duration:  One 90-minute individual counseling session (I vs. IM vs. IB vs. IMB) conducted by 1 female, bachelor’s or greater educated counselor
  • Setting:  STI clinic (Milwaukee, WI)
  • Theoretical Basis:  Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) Model (Fisher & Fisher, 1992)
  • Materials Available:  None


The original evaluation study included 516 men and 235 women receiving STI diagnostic and treatment services at a community clinic.  Participants completed follow-up assessments at 3-, 6-, and 9-months after the counseling session and their new STI diagnoses were followed for 1 year after the counseling session.  Generally speaking, the full IMB counseling was most effective in reducing rates of unprotected sex and new STI diagnoses among men at the 3- and 6-month assessments, and the IM counseling was most effective among women across all three of the three follow-up assessments (Kalichman et al., 2005).

Implementation History


Contact info

Seth Kalichman, Ph.D.
2006 Hillside Road, U-1248
Storrs, CT 06269
Phone: 860.486.4042