Intervention Core

Description

The Intervention Core provides expertise and support to researchers across UConn, helping them design, implement, evaluate and disseminate innovative behavioral interventions. Successful interventions are a key step needed to translate health behavior research into actual improvements in people’s health. The Core will give researchers at UConn the ability to leverage InCHIP’s extensive experience in health behavior interventions, and help them develop rigorous, evidence-based interventions that can have a significant impact on the health of people around the world.

Leadership

The Intervention Core is directed by Professor Kim Gans (PhD, MPH, Human Development and Family Studies). Dr. Gans has developed and implemented numerous interventions in diverse populations, focusing on improving eating habits, increasing physical activity, and preventing and controlling obesity.

If you have any questions or would like more information about the Core, please email intervention@chip.uconn.edu.

Services

The Intervention Core acts as a nexus where health researchers can connect with behavioral intervention experts. The Core provides a number of services to help researchers develop collaborations with these experts, in order to both compete for external funding opportunities and complete successful and innovative behavioral intervention studies. These services include, but are not limited to:

  • Maintaining a list of UConn faculty members with expertise in behavioral interventions. (Please see the Experts tab above for more information.)
  • Facilitating the formation of collaborative research partnerships between investigators and intervention experts. The InCHIP Boundary Spanners can help investigators find intervention experts relevant to their research, and coordinate the initial research meetings.
  • Hosting lectures and workshops from leading investigators in the field of behavioral intervention. These events will enable UConn researchers and students to learn about cutting-edge methodologies in behavioral intervention research, and help them to develop an understanding of how intervention research works.
  • Providing expert consultations for behavioral intervention studies. The experts associated with the Core can provide consultations and collaborative support in many areas of intervention research, including:

    • Intervention design
    • Mixed methods research
    • Theory supporting behavioral interventions
    • Development of conceptual and logic models
    • Intervention mapping
    • Recruitment and retention
    • Intervention implementation and Fidelity monitoring
    • Intervention evaluation
    • Intervention dissemination
    • Interface between biological and behavioral issues

To request expert consultations or to seek assistance in developing research collaborations, please fill out the services request form:

Request Consultation/Collaboration Support

Experts

The experts associated with the Intervention Core are listed below. Click the name/picture of each expert for a summary of their expertise and health intervention domains. If you would like to request a consultation with an expert on intervention research, please fill out the services request form:

Request Consultation/Collaboration Support


Melissa Bray

Melissa Bray

 


Deborah Cornman

Deborah Cornman

 


Alicia Dugan

Alicia Dugan

 


Pouran Faghri

Pouran Faghri

 


Kim Gans

Kim Gans

 


Debarchana Ghosh

Debarchana Ghosh

 


Amy Gorin

Amy Gorin

 


Ofer Harel

Ofer Harel

 


Tricia Leahey

Tricia Leahey

 


Mark Litt

Mark D. Litt


Jacqueline McGrath

Jacqueline McGrath

 


Crystal Park

Crystal Park

 


Linda Pescatello

Linda Pescatello

 


Amy Mobley

Lisa Sanetti

 


Stephen Schensul

Stephen Schensul

 


Marlene Schwartz

Marlene Schwartz

 


Deborah Shelton

Deborah Shelton

 


Julie Wagner

Julie Wagner

 

Upcoming Events – 2018-2019

Check out the InCHIP Lecture Series page for upcoming lectures.

Workshops

“Patterns of Change in Behavioral Medicine: The 5 W’s”
Led by: Shira Dunsigner, PhD
Description: Studies in behavioral medicine often collect longitudinal data on the primary outcome (e.g., repeated measures of min/week of physical activity or cigarettes smoked/day). Intervention studies often focus on estimating effects of treatment on changes in outcome variables at a finite number of timepoints. Although this type of analysis allows for understanding treatment effects at end of treatment (for example), it does not necessarily allow for identifying the ways in which participants change behavior over the course of an intervention and beyond. We propose a methodology for identifying patterns of change in behavioral outcomes that allows for a more fine-tuned investigation of intervention effects. We will present both the justification for such methodology, as well as a more in-depth look in to the analysis itself.
Date: Thursday, November 8, 2018, 2:00-3:00pm
Location: InCHIP Colloquium Room, J. Ray Ryan Building, 2006 Hillside Road, Stors, CT (UConn)
RSVP

Calendar

InCHIP Lecture Series

Past Intervention Core Events

What’s a Nice Scientist Like You Doing in a Place Like This? Behavioral Science and the Design of Clinical Trials in Sexual Medicine
Led by William Fisher, Ph.D.

Description: This workshop will discuss, with participants, two decades of clinical trial design and interpretation in the area of sexual psychopharmacology, including the development of sexual performance enhancing drugs such as Levitra (PDE5 inhibitors) and Addyi (flibanserin).

Participatory Methods for Developing Health-Promotion Media and Materials for Low-Literacy Populations
Led by Lisa Butler, Ph.D.
Description: Drawing from methods Dr. Butler has used in intervention studies in sub-Saharan Africa, participants will be led through a rapid process of developing and producing health-promotion media and materials for use as part of intervention studies and/or health promotion programs. This will be a hands-on workshop in which participants will be asked to work in small groups based on expertise / areas of interest (e.g., HIV, nutrition, substance use, etc). When indicating plans to attend, please indicate your area of expertise/interest.
Introduction to Intervention Mapping
Led by Guy S. Parcel, Ph.D.
Description: Intervention Mapping (IM) is a series of steps to help health promotion and health education planners develop theory- and evidence-based programs and logic models. Studies show that larger effect sizes are achieved when interventions are based on theory. However, no one theoretical model completely predicts or explains health behaviors or environmental changes. Therefore, a system is needed to help intervention developers choose useful theories and integrate relevant theoretical constructs to develop health promotion and health education solutions. This hands-on workshop will include presentations and examples for the steps of IM and individual and group work to apply IM to participants’ own projects.
Using Affirmation to Improve the Efficacy of Health Promotion Interventions
Led by David Sherman, Ph.D.
Description: In this workshop, I revied self-affirmation theory and discuss conditions where self-affirming activities, such as writing about values, can promote positive health outcomes. Key outcomes include increased acceptance of health-relevant information, more healthful intentions and behaviors, and stress reduction (for reviews see Cohen & Sherman, 2014; Epton & Harris, 2009, 2010; for meta-analyses see Sweeney & Moyer, 2015; Epton, Harris, Kane, van Koningsbruggen, & Sheeran, 2015). I will describe a variety of self-affirmation implementations that have been used in different lab and field settings. Self-affirmation studies have been conducted in contexts such as hospitals and medical clinics, on cigarette labels and as part of health brochures, via the internet, and while undergoing fMRI. Key issues to be addressed include how to determine whether affirmation is appropriate to incorporate as part of a health intervention program and how to tailor an affirmation for different research contexts and samples.
Lecture title: “Engaging Families and Communities to Promote Health”
Speaker: Rosalie Corona, Ph.D., Virginia Commonwealth University
Lecture Video:
Watch Lecture Now
Targeted Emotional Education Modules (TEEMs)
Ross Buck, PhD, UConn Communication Department
Thursday, 11/3/16, 12:30-1:30pm in the Colloquium Room (Room 14) at InCHIP (J. Ray Ryan Building)
Lecture Video: Click to Play Lecture Video
Lecture Slides: Click to Download Lecture Slides
Supplementary Papers: The Biological Affects: A Typology (Buck 1999); Prime Theory: An Integrated View of Motivation and Emotion (Buck 1985)

Research Resources

InCHIP researchers have created numerous evidence-based practices and interventions that span a wide array of behavioral health domains. Many have been disseminated throughout the U.S. and around the world. Please visit the fact sheets below to learn more about these interventions.

HIV/AIDS: Prevention/treatment among HIV+ individuals

Healthy Relationships (Kalichman)

Intervention to Close the Digital Divide (Kalichman)

LifeWindows (Fisher)

NIA: A Program of Purpose (Kalichman)

Options (Fisher & Cornman)

Positive Living Using Safety (PLUS) (Copenhaver)

South Africa Options (Fisher)

Asthma

Easy Breathing (Cloutier)

Exercise Science

Prescription for Post-Exercise Hypotension (Pescatello)

Substance Abuse

Network Support Project (Litt)

The measurement instruments listed below can help evaluate the effect of behavioral interventions.

Alcohol and Drug Use/Abuse

Coping Strategies Scale
Mark D. Litt, Ph.D.
Assesses coping in alcohol dependent persons
Download PDF

Teen Addiction Severity Index (T-ASI)
Yifrah Kaminer, M.D.
Semi-structured interview for periodic evaluation of adolescent substance abuse
Citations: Kaminer, Y., Bukstein, O., & Tarter, R.E. (1991). The Teen-Addiction Severity Index (T-ASI): Rationale and reliability. International Journal of Addiction, 26, 219-226.
Kaminer, Y., Wagner, E., Plummer, B., & Seifer, R. (1993). Validation of the Teen Addiction Severity Index. American Journal on Addictions, 2, 250-254.
T-ASI is copyrighted, but it is available for non-for-profit research at no cost with the permission of Dr. Kaminer.

Teen Treatment Services Review (T-TSR)
Yifrah Kaminer, M.D.
Measures health services utilization among adolescents with alcohol and drug abuse problems
Citation: Kaminer, Y., Blitz, C., Burleson, J., & Sussman, J. (1998). The Teen Treatment Services Review (T-TSR): Rationale and reliability in adolescent substance abuse treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 15, 291-300.
T-TSR is copyrighted, but it is available for non-for-profit research at no cost with the permission of Dr. Kaminer.

Communication

Communication of Affect Receiving Ability Test scale (CARAT)
Ross Buck, Ph.D.
Tests nonverbal receiving ability
Citation: Buck, R. (1976). A test of nonverbal receiving ability: Preliminary studies. Human Communication Research, 2, 162-171.

Diabetes and Heart Disease

Heart Disease Facts Knowledge (HDFQ)
Julie Wagner, Ph.D.
Measures knowledge of major risk factors associated with the development of coronary heart disease
Download HDFQ Survey PDF (English)
Download HDFQ Survey PDF (English with scoring)
Download HDFQ Survey PDF (Spanish)
Download accompanying manuscripts related to psychometrics

Measure of Invasiveness and Skipping SMBG (MISS)
Julie Wagner, Ph.D
Measures invasiveness as a reason for skipping the self-monitoring of blood glucose
Download MISS Survey PDF
Download accompanying manuscript

DNT-Latino
Chandra Osborn, Ph.D.
Assesses diabetes-specific numeracy in the Latino/Hispanic population
Citation: White, R. O., Osborn, C. Y., Gebretsadik, T., Kripalani, S., & Rothman R. L. (2011). Development and validation of a Spanish diabetes-specific numeracy measure: DNT-15 Latino. Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics, 13(10), 893-898.

Measure of Adherence to Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose
Julie Wagner, Ph.D.
Measures adherence to self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG)
Citation: Wagner, J., Schnoll, R., & Gipson, M. (1998). Development of a scale to measure adherence to self-monitoring of blood glucose with latent variable measurement. Diabetes Care, 21(7), 1046-1051.

Appraisal of Diabetes Scale (ADS)
Michael Carey, Ph.D.
A brief self- report instrument designed to assess appraisal of diabetes
Download PDF

HIV/AIDS and STI

Measure of AIDS Prevention Information, Motivation, Behavioral Skills, and Behavior
Steven Misovich, Ph.D., William Fisher, Ph.D., Jeff Fisher, Ph.D.
Assesses AIDS prevention behavioral skills and motivation to perform AIDS preventive behavior
Download PDF

HIV Serostatus Disclosure and Safer Sex Self-Efficacy Scales
Seth Kalichman, Ph.D.
Assesses self-efficacy for HIV serostatus disclosure and safer sex self-efficacy scales. Scales consider: disclosure decision making, safer sex initiation, and unsafe sex refusal.
Download PDF

LifeWindows IMB ART Adherence Questionnaire (LW-IMB-AAQ)
The LifeWindows Project Team
Assesses Information, Motivation, and Behavioral Skills barriers and facilitators of ART Adherence
Download PDF

Self-Efficacy for Disclosing
Seth Kalichman, Ph.D.
Assesses self-efficacy for HIV serostatus disclosure decisions and negotiating safer sex in HIV seropositive persons: scale development, reliability, and validity
Download PDF

Standard Care Quality (SCQ)
Marijin de Bruin, Ph.D.
Assesses SCQ in studies that investigate the effectiveness of interventions to improve adherence to HAART
Download manuscript

Teen Health Survey
Steven Misovich, Ph.D.
Assesses high school students’ knowledge, beliefs, and behavioral skills regarding HIV prevention
Download PDF

BEHKA-HIV
Chandra Osborn, Ph.D.
Assesses health literacy in the context of HIV treatment
Citation: Osborn, C. Y., Davis, T. C., Bailey, S. C., & Wolf, M. S. (2010). Health Literacy in the context of HIV treatment: Introducing the Brief Estimate of Health Knowledge and Action (BEHKA) – HIV version. AIDS and Behavior, 14(1), 181-188.

Perceived Medical Condition Self-management Scale (applied to persons with HIV/AIDS)
Chandra Osborn, Ph.D.
Assesses self-management self-efficacy in HIV population
Citation: Wallston, K. A., Osborn, C. Y., Wagner, L. J., & Hilker, K. A. (2011). The Perceived Medical Condition Self-management Scale applied to persons with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Health Psychology, 16(1), 109-115.

HIV/AIDS Knowledge Scale for Spanish adolescents (HIV-KS)
Tania Huedo-Medina, Ph.D.
Assesses HIV/AIDS-related knowledge in Spanish adolescents
Download manuscript

Sexual Opinion Survey
William Fisher, Ph.D.
Measures HIV prevention information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behavior
Citation: Fisher, W. A. (1998). The Sexual Opinion Survey. In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (pp. 218-223). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

HIV Knowledge Questionnaire
Michael Carey, Ph.D.
Self-report measure of HIV-related knowledge
Download PDF

STD Knowledge Questionnaire
Michael Carey, Ph.D.
Self-report measure of knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases
Download PDF

Nursing

Relationship with Health Care Provider Scale (RHCPS)
Elizabeth Anderson, Ph.D.
Measures the relationship patients have with their health care provider
Download manuscript

Obesity, Nutrition, and Physical Activity

Home Beverage Questionnaire
Ann Ferris, Ph.D., R.D.
Evaluates parental information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) related to sweetened beverage (SB) consumption in children
Citation: Goodell, L.S., Amico, R. Pierce, M. & Ferris, A.M. (2012). Parental information, motivation, and behavioral skills correlate with child sweetened beverage consumption. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 44, 240-5.

TimeLine FollowBack for Exercise (TLFB-E)
Jeremiah Weinstock, Ph.D.
A retrospective behavioral measure adapted that assesses exercise frequency, intensity, and time
Citation: Panza, G., Weinstock, J., Ash, G. I., & Pescatello, L. S. (2012). Psychometric evaluation of the Timeline Followback for exercise among college students. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 13, 779-788.

Psychology & Mental Health

Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale, Spanish version (SCAS)
Tania Huedo-Medina, Ph.D.
Assesses anxiety in children
Citation: Orgilés, M., Méndez, X, Spence, S. H., Huedo-Medina, T. B. & Espada, J. P. (2009). Versión española de la Escala de Ansiedad Infantil de Spence (Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale; SCAS).
Download PDF

State Aggression Scale
Kristie Farrar, Ph.D.
Measures aggression as a state and a trait
Citation: Farrar, K.M, & Krcmar, M. (2006). Measuring state and trait aggression: A short, cautionary tale. Media Psychology, 8, 127-138.

Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure (INCOM)
Rick Gibbons, Ph.D.
Measures individual differences in social comparison orientation
Citation: Gibbons, F. X., & Buunk, B. P. (1999). Individual differences in social comparison: Development and validation of a measure of social comparison orientation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 129-142.

Sexuality and Sexual Health

Safe Sex Communication Scale (SAFECOMM)
Ross Buck, Ph.D.
Assesses the emotional responses to using or not using a condom depending on relationship type (one-night-stand, acquaintance and long-term relationships)
Download manuscript

Safer Sex Intervention Outcome Measure
Jeffrey D. Fisher, Ph.D.
Measures risk reduction information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behaviors, based on the Information, Motivation, and Behavioral Skills (IMB) model of risk behavior change
Download manuscript

Sexual Compulsivity Scale
Seth Kalichman, Ph.D.
Assesses tendencies toward sexual preoccupation and hyper-sexuality
Download PDF

Attitudes Toward Partner Concurrency Measure
Michael Carey, Ph.D.
A brief self-report measure of attitudes toward sexual partner concurrency
Download PDF

Sexual Desire Inventory (SDI)
Michael Carey, Ph.D.
A self-administered questionnaire to measure sexual desire
Download PDF

Comprehensive TimeLine FollowBack
Michael Carey, Ph.D.
Assesses sexual risk behavior among patients who have difficulty completing assessments of sexual risk behaviors due to deficits in attention, memory, and communication skills
Download PDF

Stress

Stress Related Growth Scale
Crystal Park, Ph.D.
Measures and quantifies self-reported positive outcomes from a stressful event
Download manuscript